List of Abbreviations used in Agriculture Research

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ABI Agri-Business Incubation
ABNJ – Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction
ACABC – Agri-Clinic and Abri-business Centre
ACARE – Advanced Centre for Agricultural Research and Education
ADSS – Autonomous Decision Support Systems
AHRD – Agricultural Human Resource Development
AI – Artificial Intelligence
AICARP All India Coordinated Agronomic Research Project
AICMIP All India Co-ordinated Millets Improvement Project
AICPIP – All India Coordinated Pulse Improvement Project
AICRIP – All India Coordinated Rice Improvement Project
AICRP – All India Coordinated Research Project
AICRPO – All India Coordinated Research Project on Oilseeds
AICVIP – All India Coordinated Vegetable Improvement Project
AICWIP All India Coordinated Wheat Improvement Project
AIEEA All India Entrance Examinations for Admission
AINP All India Network Project
AMR Anti-microbial Resistance
ANASTU Afghan National Agricultural Sciences and Technology University
APAARI Asia-Pacific Association of Agriculture Research Institutions
APC Agro-Processing Centers
APCAEM Asian and Pacific Centre for Agricultural Engineering and Machinery
APMC Agricultural Produce Market Committee
APMR Agriculture Produce Marketing Regulation
ARS Agricultural Research Services
ARYA Attracting and Retaining Youth in Agriculture
ASEAN Association of South East Nations
ASRB Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board
ATIC Agricultural Technology Information Centre
ATMA Agricultural Technology Management Agency
AVRDC Asian Vegetable Research & Development Centre
AWS Automatic Weather Stations
BARC Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council
BBF Broad Bed and Furrow
BBRC Bioscience Biotechnology Research Communications
BGA Blue Green Algae
BI Bioversity International
BIMSTEC Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
BIRAC Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council
BIS Bureau of Indian Standards
BISA Borlaug Institute for South Asia
Indian Agriculture after Independence

BMC Broodstock Multiplication Centres
BMGF Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
BPD Business Planning and Development
BRDs By-catch Reduction Devices
BRICS Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa
BSAA Belarusian State Agricultural Academy
BSMA Broad Subject Matter Area
CAAS Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
CABI Centre for Agriculture & Biosciences International
CACP Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices
CAFRI Central Agroforestry Research Institute
CAGR Compound Annual Growth Rate
CAS Centre of Advanced Studies
CAZRI Central Arid Zone Research Institute
CBP Capacity Building Program
CCAFS Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security
CCARI Central Coastal Agriculture Research Institute
CCIS Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme
CDP Community Development Programme
CGIAR Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research
CHC Custom Hiring Centre
CIAE Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering
CIAH Central Institute for Arid Horticulture
CIAT International Centre for Tropical Agriculture
CIB Central Insecticides Board
CIBA Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture
CIDA Canadian International Development Agency
CIFA Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture
CIFE Central Institute of Fisheries Education
CIFRI Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute
CIFT Central Institute of Fisheries Technology
CIMMYT International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre
CIP International Potato Centre
CIRAD Centre for International Research on Agricultural Development
CIRCOT Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology
CISH Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture

CMFRI Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
CPCRI Central Plantation Crops Research Institute
CPE Cumulative pan evaporation
CRIDA Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture
CRISPR Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats
CRM Crop Residue Management
CROPSAP Crop Pest Surveillance and Advisory Project
CSCA Central Staff College for Agriculture
CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
CSISA Cereal Systems Initiative South Asia
CSMCRI Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute

CSS Central Sector Scheme
CSSRI Central Soil Salinity Research Institute
CWC Central Warehousing Corporation

DACP District Agricultural Contingency Plans
DAFW Department of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
DARE Department of Agricultural Research & Education
DARS Desert Afforestation Research Station
DBT Department of Biotechnology
DCFR Directorate of Coldwater Fisheries Research
DDG Deputy Director-General
DDPSC Donald Danforth Plant Science Center
DFID Department for International Development
DISA District-level Institute of Scientific Agriculture
DOR Directorate of Oilseeds Research (now Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research)
DPPQS Directorate of Plant Protection Quarantine and Storage
DSR Direct seeded rice
DWR Directorate of Wheat Research

e-NAM e-National Agriculture Market
EAFM Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management
EC Electrical Conductivity
EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone
EIA Environmental impact assessment
EIAR Ethiopian Institute of Agriculture Research
ELKS Enhancing livelihoods through livestock knowledge systems
EPNs Entomopathogenic Nematodes
ETP Effluent Treatment Ponds
ETP Endangered Threatened and Protected
EUS Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization
FAW Fall armyworm
FCI Food Corporation of India
FFS Farmer Field School
FISH Fluorescence in situ hybridization
FLRP Food Legumes Research Platform
FPC Farmers Producers Company
FPO Farmer Producers Organizations
FSI Fishery Survey of India

GAP Good Agricultural Practices
GBPUAT Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology
GCF Gross Capital Formation
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GEAC Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee
GEBV Genomic Estimated Breeding Value
GER Gross Enrolment Ratio
GTV Goat Tissue Virus
GUI Graphic User Interface
GVA Gross Value Added

HCIO Herbarium Cryptogamae India Orientalis
HPR Host Plant Resistance
HPV Hepatopancreatic parovirus
HSI Hyperspectral imaging
HYVP High Yielding Varieties Programme

IAN Indian Agriculture Network
IAP India Agricultural Programme
IARI Indian Agricultural Research Institute
IBSA India, Brazil and South Africa
ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research
ICARDA International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas
ICFRE Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education
ICGEB International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
ICIMOD International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development
ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research
ICRAF World Agro-Forestry Centre
ICRISAT International Crop Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics
ICT Information and Communication Technology
IDA International Depositary Authority
IDLAM Integrated District Level Adaptation and Mitigation
IDWR Indian Daily Weather Report
IEC Information, Education and Communication
IFDC International Fertilizer Development Center
IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute
IFS Integrated Farming System
IHHNV Infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis virus
IIFSR Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research
IINRG Indian Institute of Natural Resin and Gums
IISR Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research
IISS Indian Institute of Soil Science
IIWM Indian Institute of Water Management
ILRI International Livestock Research Institute
IMD India Meteorological Department
IMNV Infectious myonecrosis virus
IMTA Integrated Multi-trophic Aquaculture
IMTECH Institute of Microbial Technology
INFAAR Indian Network of Fishery and Animals Antimicrobial Resistance
INRAE National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
IOFS Integrated organic farming system
IPM Integrated Pest Management
IR International Relations
IRDP Integrated Rural Development Programme
IRRI International Rice Research Institute
ISHS International Society for Horticulture Sciences
ISRO Indian Space Research Organization
ISTA International Seed Testing Association
ITCC Indian Type Culture Collection
ITD Innovations in Technology Dissemination
IVLP Institution Village Linkage Programme
IVRI Indian Veterinary Research Institute
IW Irrigation Water
IWM Integrated weed management
IWMI International Water Management Institute

JFE-SSD Juvenile Fish Excluder cum Shrimp Sorting Device
JIRCAS Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
JTRL Jute Technological Research Institute

KCC Kisan Credit Card
KSHAMATA Knowledge System for Homestead Agriculture Management in Tribal Areas
KTI Kunitz Trypsin Inhibitor
KVK Krishi Vigyan Kendra

LCA Life Cycle Analysis
LGP Length of Growing Periods
LTFE Long-term Fertilizer Experiments

MACS Mutually-Aided Cooperative Society
MBV Monodon baculosvirus
MCA Ministry of Corporate Affairs
MCE Multi-Criteria Evaluation
MERU Multidisciplinary Education and Research University
MGNREGA Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
MIDH Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture
MoFPI Ministry of Food Processing Industries
MOVCD Mission on Organic Value Chain Development
-NER Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region
MPEDA Marine Products Export Development Authority
MRL Maximum residue limits
MSME Medium, Small, Micro Enterprises
MSNP Micro and Secondary Nutrients and Pollutant
MSP Minimum Support Price
MSRS Multistage Stratified Random Sampling
MSU Michigan State University
MSY Maximum Sustainable Yield

NAARM National Academy of Agricultural Research Management
NAAS National Academy of Agricultural Sciences
NABARD National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development
NAC Norms and Accreditation Committee
NACA Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific
NAEAB National Agricultural Education Accreditation Board
NAHEP National Agricultural Higher Education Project
NAIF National Agriculture Innovation Fund
NAIMCC National Agriculturally Important Microbial Culture Collection
NAIP National Agricultural Innovation Project
NARES National Agricultural Research and Education System
NARI Nutri-Sensitive Agricultural Resources & Innovations
NARO National Agricultural Research Organization
NARP National Agricultural Research Project
NARS National Agricultural Research System
NASF National Agricultural Science Fund
NATP National Agricultural Technology Project
NBAIR National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources
NBFGR National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources
NBPGR National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources
NBSS&LUP National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning
NCA National Commission on Agriculture
NCDC National Cooperative Development Corporation
NCIPM National Research Centre for Integrated Pest Management
NCPA National Committee on use of Plastics in Agriculture
NCPAH National Committee on Plasticulture Applications in Horticulture
NEH North Eastern Hill
NFBSFARA National Agricultural Innovation Project and the National Fund for Basic,
Strategic and Frontier Application Research in Agriculture
NFDB National Fisheries Development Board
NFFBB National Freshwater Fish Brood Bank
NHAEP National Higher Agricultural Education Project
NHB National Horticulture Board
NHG National Hybridization Garden
NIASM National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management
NIBSM National Institute of Biotic Stress Management
NICRA National Innovation on Climate Resilient Agriculture
NIDHI National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations
NILERD National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development
NIM National Insect Museum
NIOT National Institute of Ocean Technology
NIPB National Institute for Plant Biotechnology
NIRJAFT National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibres Technology
NMCG National Mission for Clean Ganga
NMSA National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
NPC National Pusa Collection
NPOF Network Project on Organic Farming
NPV Nuclear Polyhedrosis Viruses
NRFC National Repository of Fish Cell lines
NRG Natural resins and gums
NRLMP National Rural Livelihood Mission
NRM Natural Resource Management
NSPAAD National Surveillance Programme for Aquatic Animal Diseases
NTC National Training Centre
NWDPRA National Watershed Development Programme for Rainfed Areas

ODL Open and Distance Learning
OGL Open General Licensing
ORP Operational Research Programme
OSU OHIO State University

PACS Primary Agricultural Cooperative Society
PAW Parthenium Awareness Week
PDCSR Project Directorate for Cropping Systems Research
PDF Post-doctoral Fellowship
PDS Public Distribution System
PEASEM Plastic Engineering in Agricultural & Environment Management
PGPR Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria
PGS Post Graduate Scholarship
PHET Post-harvest Engineering and Technology
PIRRCOM Project on Intensification of Regional Research in Cotton, Oilseeds, and Maize
PKVY Paramparaghata Krishi Vikas Yojana
PM-KISAN Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi
PME Priority Setting Monitoring & Evaluation
PMKSY Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
PMFME Prime Minister Formalization of Micro Food Processing Enterprises
PPVFR Protection of Plant Variety and Farmers Rights
PRECIS Providing Regional Climates for Impacts Studies
PSSB Professional Standard Setting Body
PYE Potential Yield Estimation

QPM Quality Protein Maize

RAWE Rural Agricultural Work Experience
RAWEP Rural Agricultural Work Experience Program
RCRC Rapid Rural Community Response
RGCA Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture
RKVY Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
RMS Rabi Marketing Season

SAA Seychelles Agricultural Agency
SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SAC Space Application Centre
SAU State Agricultural University
SBIRI Small Business Innovation Research Initiative
SCH Single Cross Hybrid
SFAC Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium
SLCARP Sri Lanka Council for Agricultural Research and Policy
SNP Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
SOC Soil Organic Carbon
SOP Standard Operating Procedure
SPLAT Specialized Pheromone and Lure Application Technology
SRI System of Rice Intensification
SSD Sub-surface drainage
SSS Seed Support System
SST Sea Surface Temperature
STCR Soil Test Crop Response

TBI Technology Business Incubation
TMIS Training Management Information System
TMO Technology Mission on Oilseeds
TMOP Technology Mission on Oilseeds & Pulses
TNA Training Need Assessment
TRIPS Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights

UCPH University of Copenhagen
UN United Nations
UN-CAPSA United Nation’s Centre for Alleviation of Poverty through Sustainable
UNDP United Nation Development Programme
UPAYA Unleashing Potential in Agriculture for Young Agri-preneures
USA United States of America
USAID United States Agency for International Development
USDA United State Department of Agriculture

VATICA Value Addition and Technology Incubation Centre in Agriculture
VCRMC Village Climate Resilience Management Committee
VHF Vacuum Hermetic Fumigation
VNN Viral Nervous Necrosis

WDCM World Data Centre for Microorganisms
WFC World Fish Centre
WFCC World Federation for Culture Collections
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WSN Wireless Sensor Networks
WTC-ER Water Technology Center for Eastern Region


Sunil is the founder of Prettywings Digital. He is a passionate Blogger and a successful Ecommerce Seller. He loves sharing his knowledge through his various blogs and YouTube channels.

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